There are many types of arthritis that can affect the foot and ankle, the two most common are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
- Osteoarthritis is a general “wear and tear” on joints that can come with age, or commonly after trauma
- Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease – the body attacks its own joint tissue resulting in arthritis
Arthritis causes inflammation and breakdown of joint tissue that result in stiffness, pain, swelling and limited movement. This is often a chronic condition that progresses with age and use of the joint.
What are the symptoms?
- Joint pain and swelling
- Decreased movement of joint
- Redness of the skin surrounding painful joint
- Stiffness, especially in cold weather and in the morning
The treatment of arthritis in the foot varies depending on the cause. Most treatments are aimed at reducing inflammation and pain while preventing the progression of the condition. A few general treatment options include:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- Custom orthotics
- Physical therapy
- Shoe modifications