Hallux Limitus -----

The big toe is referred to anatomically as the Hallux. The Hallux is important for proper balance of the entire foot while walking. Hallux limitus is a condition described by a loss of range of motion of the big toe. Decreased range of motion can be caused by a variety of conditions that range from trauma to arthritis. The hallux often becomes painful due to the inflammation and swelling that occur within the joint. Over time a stiff big toe can progress lead to jamming of the joint.

What are the symptoms?

  • A feeling of stiffness with decreased range of motion
  • Pain on the top of the big toe
  • Redness and swelling at the joint
  • Irritation and callus formation on skin
  • Tenderness upon palpation
  • Pain that is worse with activity and certain shoes

What causes Hallux Limitus?

  • Trauma
  • Arthritic conditions
  • Gout
  • Anatomy of the foot


Treatment depends on the severity of the condition.

  • Custom orthotics
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Steroid injections
  • Taping/Padding
  • Surgery involving soft tissue and bone or Hallux joint implant arthroplasty may be indicated in moderate to severe cases.